Basic Law of Governance

State Principles:

Saudi State was formed on Reformist Call, and this reformist call was based on early Islamic Laws, which are existent at the beginning of Islam. e.g. Promoting Virtue, Prohibiting Vice, Application of Islamic Sharia, Reforming Creed, Abandoning Deviations etc.

Basic Law of Governance:

Royal Order No. (A/90) dated 27/08/1412 H, with help of Allah, We Fahad Bin AbdulAziz Al-Saud King of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with what Public interest entails and for National Development in Different Fields, and to strive for Realization of Goals, We Ordered:


Issue Basic Law of Governance in Attached format.


With implementation of these Laws, Work will continue with all Laws, Orders, and Decisions, in force, until they are amended for consistency with this.


This System will be published in Official Gazette, and will take effect from its publication.

Part One - General Principles:

Article 1:
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a fully sovereign Arab Islamic State. Its religion shall be Islam and its constitution shall be the Book of God and the Sunnah (Traditions) of His Messenger, may God’s blessings and peace be upon him (PBUH). Its language shall be Arabic and its capital shall be the city of Riyadh.

Article 2:
The two holidays of the State shall be ‘Id al-Fitr and ‘Id al-Adha, and its calendar shall be the Hijri Calendar.

Article 3:
The Flag of the State shall be as follows:
  • Its color shall be green.
  • Its width shall be two-thirds its length.
  • Centered therein shall be the expression “There is no god but Allah and Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah”, with an unsheathed sword under it.
  • The flag may never be flown at half-mast. The Law shall set forth the provisions appertaining thereto.

Article 4:
The Emblem of the State shall be two crossed swords with a date palm tree in the middle of the upper space between them. The law shall set forth the anthem and medals of the State.

Part Two - System of Governance:

Article 5:
  • The system of governance in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia shall be Monarchical.
  • Governance shall be limited to the sons of the Founder King ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahman al-Faysal Al Sa‘ud, and the sons of his sons. Allegiance shall be pledged to the most suitable amongst them to reign, based on the Book of Allah Most High and the Sunnah of His Messenger (PBUH).
  • The call for the pledge of allegiance to the King and the selection of the Crown Prince shall be in accordance with the Pledge of Allegiance Commission's Law.
  • The Crown Prince shall devote himself exclusively to the office of the Crown Prince and shall perform any other duties assigned to him by the King.
  • The Crown Prince shall assume the powers of the King upon his death until the pledge of allegiance is given.
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Last Modified 14 Feb 2018
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